ULAMA’ DAN KONTESTASI PENGETAHUAN DALAM SUDUT PANDANG AL QUR’ĀN

  • Imron Mustofa Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam YPBWI Surabaya
Keywords: ‘Ulamā`, Specialization, Authority, Tarīq al-naẓar, Differentiation,

Abstract

Bahasa Indonesia:Ulama` merupakan predikat psikologis proses mental dan tujuan, penguasaan data konkret dan ketercapaian hakekat pengetahuan universal. Artikel merespon beberapa pertanyaan epistemologis tentang ulama, seperti asal muasal ilmu seorang ulama, peranan ilmu, cara memperoleh pengetahuan, dan tolok ukur keilmuan. Temuan dari tulisan ini adalah, pertama, ‘Ulamā` dalam Islam dipandang sebagai suatu representasi makna dari individu atau golongan yang bergelut dalam aktifitas mental-spiritual, guna mampu mengenal, membedakan, menilai dan menyimpulkan makna pokok dari realitas, bentuk, mode, kuantitas, substansi dan esensi sesuatu. Kedua, Untuk dapat, dikatakan ‘ulamā` seseorang harus memiliki kualifikasi yang sangat ketat. Ketiga, proses seorang ‘ulama` untuk mendapatkan kesimpulan melewati tahap persepsi oleh persepsi sensoris kemudian disalurkan kepada persepsi mental. Keempat, dengan segala kualifikasi, instrumen dan klasifikasi pengetahuannya seorang ulama’ dituntut mampu menjangkau dimensi-dimensi universal, permanen, personal, spiritual dari tujuan pendidikan dan organisasi ilmu pengetahuan serta mampu merealisasikannya dalam segala aspek partikular, sosial dan segala aspek lainnya hingga menjadi insān kāmil. English:Abstract:‘Ulamā` is a psychological predicate of mentality processes and purposes, mastering concrete information and achieving the essence of universal knowledge. This article responds several epistemological questions about ulama, such as their source of knowledge, functions of the knowledge, how to get the knowledge, and their standards of knowledge. Findings of this paper are, first of all, ‘Ulamā` in Islamic perspective is individual or group representation who deal with mental-spiritual activities in purpose of identifying, distinguishing, evaluating, and concluding the essence of reality, formats, modes, quantity, substance, and essence of a thing. Second, therefore, in order to get a predicate of ‘Ulamā`, one must have a very st frict qualification. Third, ‘Ulamā` gain their knowledge from thr step of sensory perception towards mental steps. Last, with qualification that one has, instruments and classification of knowledge belongs to ‘Ulamā` must reach universal, permanent, personal, and spiritual dimensions of aims of education and knowledge structure to realize it in all particular, social, and other aspects to achieve the state of insān kāmil.

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Published
2017-11-02
How to Cite
Mustofa, I. (2017). ULAMA’ DAN KONTESTASI PENGETAHUAN DALAM SUDUT PANDANG AL QUR’ĀN. Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam (Journal of Islamic Education Studies), 5(1), 68-93. https://doi.org/10.15642/jpai.2017.5.1.68-93
Section
Articles